Monthly Archives: May 2015

German’s Sudden Death, The Eastern Post and City Chronicle, Saturday 29 May 1915

The Eastern Post and City Chronicle

Saturday 29 May 1915

German’s Sudden Death

Worry, and fear lest the British authorities would send him back to Germany, was stated by Henry Schwinge, formerly a beer retailer of Plaistow, to have been responsible for the death of his brother, George Schwinge, aged 66, a registered alien, who fell and expired in the Cambridge-road, Bethnal Green.

When the circumstances attending the death were investigated at the coroner’s court, it was stated that the deceased had been working in Smithfield Meat-market for a good many years, having been in this country 40 or 50 years.

Dr. Wynn Westcott, the coroner, asked why the deceased was afraid of having to return to Germany.

The brother replied he could hardly say, except that it was due to his inability now to speak much of the Teutonic tongue.

After hearing medical evidence, the jury returned verdict to the effect that death was due to a ruptured large aneurysm of the heart.

Researcher: Lauren Macmillan

Archive: Tower Hamlets Local History Library and Archives

Pot-Pourri, East End News and Chronicle, Friday 28 May 1915

East End News and Chronicle

Friday 28 May 1915


It is interesting to note that seventy-five per cent of the hotel employees of London have left owing to the war. There were a large number of Germans in London, but the recent internment order cleared many of them out. There are practically no French-men, except in the kitchens, and these really cannot be done without now the Italians are going, and things have reached a climax. In consequence of the great demand for skilled hotel employees of the British Hotels, Restaurants, and Club Employees Society are now developing a scheme for the extensive use of women labour.

Researcher: Lauren Macmillan

Archive: Tower Hamlets Local History Library and Archives

Great Political Changes, The East End News and London Shipping Chronicles, Friday 21 May 1915

The East End News and London Shipping Chronicles

Friday 21 May 1915

Great Political Changes

Mr. Asquith himself made a brief but momentous statement on Wednesday in the House of Commons.

The Prime Minister said:-

“I cannot say more at the moment than that steps are in contemplation which involve a reconstruction of the Government on a broader personal and political basis. Nothing is yet definitely arranged, but to avoid any possible misapprehension I wish here and now – as the Home is to adjourn – to make clear to everyone three things:

First, that any change that takes place will not affect the offices of the head of the Government or of the Foreign Secretary. (Cheers.) They will continue to be held as they are now.

The second is, there is absolutely no change of any kind in contemplation in the policy of the country in regard to the continued persecution of the war with all possible energy, and by means of every available resource. (Loud cheers.)

The third and the last point – … any reconstruction that may be made will be for the purpose of the war alone.”

Researcher: Sophie Ogbonda-Jardine

Archive: Tower Hamlets Local History Library and Archives

Dinners to Wounded and Convalescent Soldiers, The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette, Wednesday 19 May 1915

The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette

Wednesday 19 May 1915

Dinners to Wounded and Convalescent Soldiers

In connection with the dinners and teas which are being given to soldiers and sailors who return wounded or convalescent from the Front, Mrs Rita Fiske, of Mare-street, who has charge of the gifts of foodstuffs from Australia, wishes it to be understood that any man who is invalided back from the Front has an open invitation to attend. The dinners are given twice a week at St. James’s Parish, Clapton, and the teas will be given on Monday at the Public Library, Stoke Newington.

Researcher: Lauren Macmillan

Archive: Hackney Archives

Alleged Flagrant Disregard of the Lighting Order: A Fine of £100, East London Observer, Saturday 15 May 1915

East London Observer

Saturday 15 May 1915

Alleged Flagrant Disregard of the Lighting Order

A Fine of £100

Hjalman Ohlson, 58, described as a Swedish subject, and assistant superintendent at the Scandinavian Sailors Home, West India Dock-road, Poplar, was charged on remand, with failing to obscure the lights at the Home at 11p.m. in the 2nd inst.

[…] As early as December, apart from minor warnings, defendant had been specially warned about keeping his lights obscured. On the 20th December he was again warned by Sergeant Mercer, and, after that, on several occasions by Lieut. E. Haymer, of the 7th Battalion County of London Regiment. The latter officer had warned defendant three times, and before the 2nd of May he had five distinct warnings, but apparently took no steps to diminish the danger to this country. If defendant was convicted he was liable, as an alien, to be deported, and although he [Mr Muir the prosecutor] did not ask for that to be done in that case he desired to call public attention to the fact that such persons must pay more attention to the warnings of the authorities.

[…] The extent of the lighting offered to any person in an air craft a most valuable land mark. At the spot most important goods were stored, and naval and military operations carried on; and nothing could be more mischievous than the light in the Home.

[…] [The] defendant had been guilty of a serious offence, and fined […] £100, or 21 days’ imprisonment.

Researcher: Lauren Macmillan

Archive: Tower Hamlets Local History Library and Archives

The Lusitania, The Jewish Chronicle, Friday 14 May 1915

The Jewish Chronicle

Friday 14 May 1915

The Lusitania

The sinking of the ‘Lusitania’ has transformed the face of the war. Up till recently it was a fight for a national life. It is now a struggle for our common civilisation. The unspeakable crime of the German Navy has broadened the issue from a war among the respective belligerents, tremendous as it was, it has given a universal character and made it concern of all mankind. Either the men of all nations make a stand against the methods now sought to be introduced in their midst or they must allow the world to revert back into barbarism. There is no alternative, no mean, no possibility of compromise. Humanity, standing against the German atrocities, has to chose whether it will allow to be fasted upon the life of modern States the hellish doctrines of German soldiers and politicians and the delivery of their warfare, or whether it will boldly attack and crush beyond revival the whole hideous system which threatens it to its core.

Researcher: Sophie Ogbonda-Jardine

Archive: Tower Hamlets Local History Library and Archives

A QUESTION OF NATIONALITY, The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette, Saturday 9 May 2015

The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette

Saturday 9 May 2015


At the North London Police-court on Monday, Herman Adolf Freytag, 28, a printer of 29. Barrett’s-grove, Stoke Newington, was charged on remand, as an alleged alien enemy, with failing to register his change of address from 23. Fanshaw-street, Hoxton.

Detective-sergeant Taylor said he had been to the Russian Consulate, and was informed that the prisoner’s father was a Russian, but they considered that prisoner was a German, he having been born in Hamburg.

Mr C. V. Young, who defended, said the prisoner lived for ten years in Germany.

Mr Hedderwick: I suppose if the German Emperor made a claim on him as a German, we should not give him up. With the exception of ten years, he has lived all his life in this country, and seems to be happily married. I will take it that he is Russian.
Prisoner was accordingly charged.

Researcher: Maariyah Dawood

Archive: Hackney Archives

THE DEMAND FOR FEMALE LABOUR, The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette, Saturday 9 May 1915

The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette

Saturday 9 May 1915


In a report presented at the meeting of the London Central Unemployed Body, it was stated that there appeared to be work for those physically able to do it, and plenty of occupation for all girls and young women if they will adapt themselves a little in such occupations as engine cleaners and porters, light porters, lift attendants, and railway bookstall attendants. There is also a demand for women as drivers, packers, van attendants, time-keepers, and assistants in grocers’ shops.

Mr Robertson, replying to Mr. Anderson, in the House of Commons, said the total number of women registered for special war service up to the week ending April 16th was approximately 47,000, of whom 8,089 had entered their names on as willing to undertake armament work.

Only 414 had been given work so far, but the task of placing them was only just the beginning.

Researcher: Maariyah Dawood

ArchiveHackney Archives

WALTHAMSTOW AND LEYTON NEWS, The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette, Saturday 9 May 1915

The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette

Saturday 9 May 1915



To aid the Belgian Soldiers’ Fund, which sends cases of provisions to Belgium every week, a “Pound Day” will be held to-morrow in many places in the United Kingdom. At Leyton, Mrs. Smith, wife of the Chairman of the District Council, and a committee of laddies are arranging to receive gifts at the Town Hall.

It is hoped that the great majority of Leyton men and women will send a pound of grocery or tinned supplies. Among the articles which are specially suitable are: Chocolate, cheese, coffee, biscuits, lump sugar, dried fruit, jam and meat extract. Mrs. Smith and members of the committee will attend at the Town Hall between 2 and 6 p.m on Thursday to receive the gifts.

Researcher: Maariyah Dawood

Archive: Hackney Archives

TRIPLE BILL DALSTON THEATRE, The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette, Saturday 9 May 1915

The Hackney and Kingsland Gazette

Saturday 9 May 1915


The initial performance of “The Woman in Khaki” by Gladys Hastings Walton, was accorded quite an ovation at the Dalston Theatre on Monday. The story centres round the operations of a German spy named Bares Heindrick Manheim, who has wormed his way into a nobleman’s household, where he secures the possession of important documents of State. His machinations, however, are finally brought to nought through the efforts of Madge Rawlinson, the woman in khaki. This part is well sustained by Mrs. Frank Bateman, who is seen to particular advantage in the set in which she rescues her lover, Viscount Henry Kendrick – a character which is finely portrayed by Mr Fred Goddard. So natural was the acting of Mr Harry Aynsleigh in the role of the bad baron that he was heartily hissed by the large audience, a fact which was in itself a tribute to his histrionic powers. The piece again occupied the boards last night, and will be performed at to-mo rrows matinee, as well as on Saturday evening. To-night and to-morrow evening a powerful company will present “Nell Gwynne,” a romantic story that always finds favour, while “Sophie” will be the special attraction for Friday evening.

Researcher: Maariyah Dawood

Archive: Hackney Archives